Interior Ornaments in the "Pendopo Agung" Joglo Building, Ponorogo, East Java

Trianita Anugerah Setiawan

ICOBEST 2021 - Digitalization and Opportunities in The Tough Time - ISBN 978-623-95562-1-1

Abstract

Pendopo Agung is a Javanese architectural building that is often known as the Joglo Building. Generally, the Pendopo Agung is in the form of a building that does not have walls with some poles or pillars that function as a momot or a buffer. Pendopo Agung is one of the typical Javanese architectures whose existence needs to be preserved as a rich diversity of Indonesian cultural architecture. Inside the interior, Pendopo Agung has several ancient ornaments that have an aesthetic function and symbolic meaning. This study aims to analyze the aesthetic form and function of the Pendopo Agung ornament. The method used in this research is descriptive. Data collection was obtained from observation and literature. The results of the study contained ornaments including; Flora Ornaments, Fauna Ornaments, and Nature Ornaments. Flora ornaments consisting of Saton, Lung-Lungan, Tlacapan, and Wajikan. As for the Fauna and Nature Ornaments, they consist of Peksi Garuda, Ular Naga, Mirong, Makutha, Praba, and Gugunungan. These ornaments function as aesthetic elements in various places in the interior of Pendopo Agung, such as the roof beams, door beams, upper and lower building pillars, windows, doors, and the main pillar (middle part). The conclusions obtained in this study indicate that the various forms of decorative ornaments at the Pendopo Agung can be accessed by the wider community to know each of its aesthetic functions.

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